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positive based training

Ask-a-Trainer Thursday
Ask-a-Trainer Thursday: Meeko the Goldendoodle
June 16, 2016 at 4:12 am 0

Ask-a-Trainer Thursday

Welcome to our regular blog feature we call "Ask-a-Trainer Thursday". Think of it like the Dear Abby of dog training. We take questions submitted to us by email or on social media from people who have questions about their dogs and we get them answered by professional positive based dog trainers. 

Meeko the goldendoodle

This week's question came to us via a blog post comment from Lyla in Kitchener, ON. Lyla wants to know how to help Meeko her goldendoodle get over her fear of strange men. Lyla writes:

Our one year old mini goldendoodle has always been a more fearful pup than other dogs I've owned. We've been able to help her work through most of her concerns with positive counter conditioning methods but she remains reactive to strange men. She will growl and bark if they move in her presence. She is great with her "daddy" and occasionally meets a man she is okay with but for the most part she is fearful reactive.

meeko goldendoodle playhouse

Meeko the mini goldendoodle

The difficulty is we don't have enough opportunity to use positive exposures to help her overcome this issue. When we occasionally have men visit our home I have them toss treats to her over a gate but otherwise not engage with her. If necessary, I put her in her crate where she feels safe — but it is pretty rare that this opportunity arises.

She has been to classes and quickly learned to trust the men there and would approach them for treats, but anyone new gets a warning from her that they should stay away. Is there anything else I can do, assuming that I am un
able to recruit a line of adult male volunteers to help me socialize her?

Samantha DeJong of Puppy Power

Our expert this week is Samantha DeJong a positive based trainer and owner of Puppy Power. Samantha shares her advice on how to help Meeko:

Working with a fearful dog can be a challenge but it sounds like you're on the right track. Having new men that come into her space toss her treats is one way to teach her to be comfortable with the uncomfortable situation.

I find most people get that part right, but sometimes their timing of reinforcement is a bit off. In some scenarios they can accidentally reward fearful behaviour with attention or by giving a reaction to fearful behaviour.  

Teaching a good "leave it" and quickly removing her quietly and smoothly as soon as she displays any fearful behaviour is a good start. Don't say "ah ah" or add any vocalization because the dog may interpret this as barking or growling. It's also important not to pop or jerk the leash. Be sure to reward her calm behaviour as soon as you can get Meeko to a distance where she can be calm.
meeko's puppy playhouse

One method I like is to teach a game where you work at a distance from new people. You can reward her for glancing at them while staying calm and removing her for any reaction.  As this becomes easier you can step closer and play it again, continuing to get closer as she shows more confidence.

Working with a positive reinforcement trainer who deals with desensitizing to fear will help you get the timing of this right.  With dogs, every second counts. If we throw a treat as she barks, even if we think we're rewarding her for approaching, we've rewarded the bark.  If we go to coax her when she's acting fearful, we are giving attention to fearful behaviour.

A good trainer will also teach you about dog body language and early signs of discomfort. Your dog will display this body language to say they need space before they escalate to any sort of a reaction, and often it is missed.

The trainer should discuss with you how people can use their body language to be less intimidating. You can even use the calming signals that dogs use to communicate they are not a threat.  If you'd like to read up on some of this yourself, I suggest Calming Signals by Turid Rugaas.

meekogoldendoodleThe game I mentioned above can be played at a distance from passersby (at parks, outside grocery stores, pet stores, etc.) to reinforce that good things happen when she sees new people in a variety of situations. If someone stops and asks to say hi, you could ask them to toss treats if she can be calm.

Finding a trainer who offers socialization classes will give you an opportunity to have new people practise the close up interactions more regularly.  The benefit of socialization classes as opposed to a regular puppy class, is the change of people. It's not always the same people week to week so you'll get a better variety of exposure for Meeko.

Lastly I have to mention that if you're trying to deter any behaviour using negative stimuli (leash corrections, shaker cans, shock or spray collars, clapping or any vocalizations that sound like barking, growling or intended to startle the dog), you will add to the problem.  These are commonly used by trainers who use corrections and while they may temporarily stop behaviours, they do not address the underlying problem to create longterm success.

If you take a look at the IPDTA (International Positive Dog Training) website there is a list of positive trainers you can contact from wherever you live. I'd also be more than happy to help you in person if this is something you'd like to work through together. 

Have a dog training question?

If you've got a question you'd like featured on our Ask-a-Trainer blog, you can submit your question and have it answered by a professional positive based trainer too. Contact us via email or leave a comment on our Facebook page and let us know how we can help. 

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Ask-a-Trainer Thursday
Ask-a-Trainer Thursday: How to Pick a Puppy
June 2, 2016 at 8:26 am 0

Ask-a-Trainer Thursday

Welcome to our regular blog feature called Ask-a-Trainer Thursday. We take questions from our social media audiences and then ask a positive based trainer for their advice in each situation.

This week, Jess Croezen of Impressive Canines answers one of the most common questions she's asked as a trainer: "how do I pick out a new puppy?".

 

How do I pick a puppy?

When looking for a new puppy, I tell clients to do their research.

If you’d like a purebred dog, find a breeder that loves their job and has a passion for raising amazing well rounded family pets. A good breeder will let you meet the parents and grandparents of the litter (if possible). They’ll also happily supply you with testimonials about previous litters and tests which prove their health background and genetics are in good standing. I also recommend spending as much time with the litter you are looking at as possible and if you feel uneasy at any time, don't feel bad about moving on and continuing your search.

boxer puppies

image from blog.thecozypet.com

When spending time with the actual puppies, I look for the ‘middle of the road’ personality. A lot of people like the one that runs up and wants to be the centre of attention all the time, or the shy quiet one in the corner. I want the happy one that likes to be with me, but also enjoys exploring and playing with their littermates. Ideally the puppy should seem calm but also happy-go-lucky.

Does that mean that the other puppies are not a good choice? Not at all.

The in your face kind of personality may test you a bit more. They might get demanding, need a lot of mental and physical stimulation on a daily basis or get bored easily for example.

The shy pup hiding in the corner on the other hand might be more prone to developing fear, separation anxiety, or need some confidence building. They may also require a lot of positive socialization exposure as well as might struggle a bit more with change such as a new home and may be nervous with a highly active family.

These are just some examples and it truly depends on each litter and each puppy. In some litters all of the puppies can seem pretty similar personality wise.

Some of the really good breeders I recommend actually pick a puppy for you based on your lifestyle, your experience with puppies and knowledge of that specific breed. Another breeder I’m familiar with, will choose a puppy for you based on whether you want a pet or show dog. She will also ask you if you prefer a male or female and if you have a preferred colour. After sorting through all of the criteria she’s collected, she will pick the pup that she believes is best suited for you.

litter labrador retriever puppies

image from waggingtails.ca

Another important aspect to be aware of when picking a new puppy is genetics. Genetics can play a big role in the puppy’s health and temperament. If the parents seems really loud and intense (or alternatively really shy and submissive) those traits may show up in your puppy. This is another reason why meeting the family beforehand is an important part of choosing a puppy.

I also like when the breeder has exposed the puppies to different real world scenarios: polite children, various sights, sounds, smells, and gets them comfortable wearing a collar and leash. Being exposed to all of these things at an early age means the puppy is less likely to find issue with them when they are older.

 

Adopting from a rescue

Another option for finding a great puppy or dog is to consider adopting from a rescue group. Rescue dogs are a bit different because most of the time you can't get an accurate history on them or see the relatives. It can also be hard to tell the exact breed (or breeds) sometimes.

Fortunately, you can get a good sense of personality when you meet them. Rescue groups are also experienced in dealing with lots of different dogs and will be honest if they see issues or problems you may need to train through when you get your dog. If the rescue you are looking at is in a foster home you can get a really good sense of what they are like in a home environment from their foster family.

If the dog is coming from a humane society setting, I tell my clients to just keep an open mind because it can be a harder environment for the dogs. The dog may be nervous, vocal or hyper simply because of the environment. In a home setting, the same dog may be totally fine. I know of one particular dog that would intimidate people when he barked in the humane society setting based on his stress levels, but in a home setting is a very sweet, quiet boy.

 

I'm here to help

I am a firm believer that if you put your mind to it and take the time and patience to understand how your dog thinks, feels and thrives, all dogs and puppies can be amazing.

Before you consider getting a dog, it’s important to be honest with yourself and the kind of lifestyle you have. Not all dogs can handle quiet, inactive homes and others won’t do well in an active and busy household.

If you’re thinking about bringing a dog into your life, I do offer assistance. I’m happy to help you find a reputable breeder, or evaluate a rescue — so feel free to contact me for further assistance.

dalmation litter

image from ovulationpads.info

Unless the pet store specifically offers pets from a rescue or humane society, it’s best to stay away from these places. It’s hard to walk away from a cute puppy, but in many cases, these dogs are from puppy mills and can cause you big headaches (and vet bills down the road).

No matter what kind of dog or puppy you choose for your family, training should be considered mandatory. Find a good positive based trainer and teach the dog to become the kind of family you want them to be instead of trying to undo bad behaviour down the road. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure and you’ll be so happy when you have a dog you can take with you anywhere.

For more information on finding a puppy or to inquire about my school or classes, please feel free to contact me at Impressive Canines using the information below.

 

Do you have a question?

Do you have a question about dog behaviour in general or why your dog acts a certain way? Leave your question in the comments below and we’ll get a positive based dog trainer to answer it for you.

 

 

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